When recession of the gingiva (“gum”) occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma.
When a patient has recession of the gums, the body begins to lose its natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. In addition getting an unsightly appearance to the gum and tooth, the roots of the teeth increase in their sensitivity to hot and cold foods and liquids. In more advanced conditions, the gum recession can lead to a worsening decline and expose the root surface. Reconstruction of the gums using grafting techniques is a viable option when gum recession is substantial. The gingival graft procedure has predictable results in restoring a stable healthy section of attached tissue around the tooth.
The connective tissue graft.
The connective tissue graft is one of the most influential procedures a periodontal plastic surgeon can perform. Predictable in the capacity to cover the patient’s root surfaces, the result will be a comfortable solution a gum color match. There are variations on the technique that can be applied. One version that we have refined and utilize is be described as the Minimally Invasive Subepithelial Tissue graft (MIST) graft wherein a single incision is made into the palate. This is sutured closed, and the gum tissues in the areas of recession are only separated from the teeth rather than removed.
As no incisions have been made on the outside of the gums, there is no scarring and no color discoloration. The procedure is unnoticeable and the root of the tooth is now covered by gum tissue. This resourceful procedure has predictable results in restoring and preserving the patient’s teeth and gums.